There are various types of blood pressure, with these two being the major types of hypertension and another four types that are less frequently diagnosed. The two major types are:
Also known as essential hypertension, this is by far the most common type of blood pressure which is diagnosed in approximately 95% of cases.
Primary hypertension has no obvious or identifiable cause as of yet. This high blood pressure is regarded as the silent killer.
This type often occurs due to reversible factors and is curable in certain instances. It may occur as a result of:
The other types of blood pressure include:
The most severe form of blood pressure, malignant hypertension is both severe and progressive as it rapidly results in organ damage. If not properly treated, it may lead to fatalities in the majority of individuals within five years.
Death is normally as a result of heart failure, brain hemorrhage or kidney damage.
It is nevertheless possible to reverse this condition and prevent further complications through aggressive treatment.
In this case, the systolic blood pressure, the top number, is consistently above 160 mm Hg, and the diastolic blood pressure is below 90 mm Hg. This type of blood pressure may occur in the elderly as a result of age-related stiffening of the arteries.
Like the aorta, the loss of elasticity in the arteries is mainly as a result of arteriosclerosis, believed to be caused by the western lifestyle and diet.
We all get a little nervous when we have to go to the doctor, but this condition is anxiety-induced hypertension. This condition refers to your blood pressure being only high when tested by a health professional.
This condition does not require treatment if confirmed with repeat readings outside of a clinical setting, or a 24-hour monitoring device.
Resistant hypertension is a condition in which your blood pressure cannot be lowered to below 140/90 mm Hg, despite being prescribed a triple-drug regime.
While some of the special types of blood pressure do not commonly occur, others may arise in the form of complications of primary hypertension - the type of blood pressure that has no known cause, and with which the majority of individuals are diagnosed.
Remember experts recommend these lifestyle changes to control these types of blood with regular exercises, less alcohol and salt, weight loss and no nicotine. As well as low fat, high fiber diet with increased consumption of fruits and vegetables.