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Types Of Blood Pressure

There are various types of blood pressure, with these two being the major types of hypertension and another four types that are less frequently diagnosed.  The two major types are:

  • Primary or Essential Hypertension

  • Secondary Hypertension

Primary Hypertension

Also known as essential hypertension, this is by far the most common type of  blood pressure which is diagnosed in approximately 95% of cases.

Primary hypertension has no obvious or identifiable cause as of yet. This high blood pressure is regarded as the silent killer.

Secondary Hypertension

This type often occurs due to reversible factors and is curable in certain instances.  It may occur as a result of:

Overworked heart.
  • Kidney damage or impaired function, which is attributed to most secondary forms of blood pressure.

  • Thyroid dysfunction

  • Tumors or over activity of the adrenal gland

  • Sleep Apnea Syndrome

  • Coarctation of the Aorta - the narrowing of the large artery that leaves the heart

  • Pregnancy-related conditions

  • Medication, recreational drugs, food and drinks.

The other types of blood pressure include:

  • Malignant Hypertension

  • Isolated Systolic Hypertension

  • White Coat Hypertension

  • Resistant Hypertension

Malignant Hypertension

The most severe form of blood pressure, malignant hypertension is both severe and progressive as it rapidly results in organ damage.  If not properly treated, it may lead to fatalities in the majority of individuals within five years.

Death is normally as a result of heart failure, brain hemorrhage or kidney damage.

It is nevertheless possible to reverse this condition and prevent further complications through aggressive treatment.

Isolated Systolic Hypertension

In this case, the systolic blood pressure, the top number, is consistently above 160 mm Hg, and the diastolic blood pressure is below 90 mm Hg.  This type of blood pressure may occur in the elderly as a result of age-related stiffening of the arteries.

Like the aorta, the loss of elasticity in the arteries is mainly as a result of arteriosclerosis, believed to be caused by the western lifestyle and diet.

White Coat Hypertension

We all get a little nervous when we have to go to the doctor, but this condition is anxiety-induced hypertension.  This condition refers to your blood pressure being only high when tested by a health professional.

This condition does not require treatment if confirmed with repeat readings outside of a clinical setting, or a 24-hour monitoring device.

Resistant Hypertension

Resistant hypertension is a condition in which your blood pressure cannot be lowered to below 140/90 mm Hg, despite being prescribed a triple-drug regime.

Other Types Of Blood Pressure

While some of the special types of blood pressure do not commonly occur, others may arise in the form of complications of primary hypertension - the type of blood pressure that has no known cause, and with which the majority of individuals are diagnosed.

Remember experts recommend these lifestyle changes to control these types of blood with regular exercises, less alcohol and salt, weight loss and no nicotine.  As well as low fat, high fiber diet with increased consumption of fruits and vegetables.

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